Technical Product Documentation

1.1 Technical Product Documentation

Engineering drawing is described as 'Graphical Communications' in various school and college books. Although both are correct, the more modern term is 'Technical Product Documentation' (TPD). This is

the name given to the whole arena of design communication by theISO. This term is used because nowadays, information sufficient forthe manufacture of a product can be defined in a variety of ways, notonly in traditional paper-based drawings. The full title of TPD is'Technical Product Specification- Methodology, Presentation and Verification'. This includes the methodology for design implementation, geometrical product specification, graphical representation (engineering drawings, diagrams and three-dimensional modelling), verification (metrology and precision measurement), technical documentation, electronic formats and controls and

related tools and equipment.

When the ISO publishes a new standard under the TPD heading, it is given the designation: ISO XXXX:YEAR. The 'XXXX' stands for the number allocated to the standard and the 'YEAR' stands for the year of publication. The standard number bears no relationship to anything; it is effectively selected at random. If a standard has been published before and is updated, the number is the same as the previous number but the 'YEAR' changes to the new year of publication. If it is a new standard it is given a new number. This

twofold information enables one to determine the version of a standard and the year in which it was published.

When an ISO standard is adopted by the UK, it is given the designation: BS ISO XXXX:YEAR. The BSI has a policy that when any ISO standard is published that is relevant to TPD, it is automatically adopted and

therefore rebadged as a

Publish Post
British Standard. In this book the term 'engineering drawing' will be used


throughout because this is the term which is most likely to be Principles of engineering drawing 3

understood by manufacturing engineering students, for whom the book is written. However, readers should be aware of the fact that the more correct title as far as standards are concerned is TPD.


1.2 The much-loved BS 308

One of the motivating forces for the writing of this book was the demise of the old, much-loved 'BS 308'. This was the British Standard dealing with engineering drawing practice. Many peopleloved this because it was the standard which defined engineering drawing as applied within the UK. It had been the draughtsman's

reference manual since it was first introduced in 1927. It was the first of its kind in the world. It was regularly revised and in 1972 became so large that it was republished in three individual parts. In 1978 a

version for schools and colleges was issued, termed 'PD 7308'. Over the years BS 308 had been revised many times, latterly to take account of the ISO drawing standards. During the 1980s the pace of engineering increased and the number of ISO standards published in engineering drawing increased, which made it difficult

to align BS 308 with ISO standards. In 1992, a radical decision was reached by the BSI which was that they would no longer attempt to keep BS 308 aligned but to accept all the ISO drawing standards being published as British Standards. The result was that BS 308 was slowly being eroded and becoming redundant. This is illustrated by the fact that in 1999, I had two 'sets' of standards on my shelves. One was the BS 308 parts 1, 2 and 3 'set', which together summed 260 pages. The other set was an ISO technical drawings

standards handbook, in 2 volumes, containing 155 standards, totalling 1496 pages!

Thus, by 1999, it was becoming abundantly clear that the old BS 308 had been overtaken by the ISO output.


In the year 2000, BS 308 was withdrawn and replaced by a new standard given the designation

BS 8888"2000, which was not a standard but rather a route map which provided a link between the sections covered by the old BS 308 and the appropriate ISO standards. This BS 8888:2000 publication, although useful for guidance between the old BS 308 and the newer ISO standards, is not very user-friendly for students learning the language of engineering drawing. Hence this book was written in an attempt to provide a resource similar to the nowdefunct BS 308.


Engineering Drawing for Manufacture
by Brian Griffiths
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books

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